The Water Filter Lady's Blog Information Regarding Safe Drinking Water, Human Rights, Health And Environmental Issues & Concerns Fri, 09 Sep 2016 12:42:39 +0000 en-US hourly 1 30958594 Do you know what your water filter removes? Fri, 09 Sep 2016 12:42:39 +0000 Not all filters are certified to remove lead.

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Fluoride Officially Classified as a Neurotoxin in “The Lancet” Medical Journal Fri, 09 Sep 2016 12:31:41 +0000 lancetThe movement to remove industrial sodium fluoride from the world’s water supply has been growing in recent years, with evidence coming out against the additive from several sources.

Now, a report from the world’s oldest and most prestigious medical journal, The Lancet, has officially classified fluoride as a neurotoxin, in the same category as arsenic, lead and mercury.

The news was broken by author Stefan Smyle and disseminated by the Facebook page Occupy Food, which linked to the report published in The Lancet Neurology, Volume 13, Issue 3, in the March 2014 edition, by authors Dr. Phillippe Grandjean and Philip J. Landrigan, MD. The report can be viewed by clicking here.

Industrial Chemicals Identified

As noted in the summary of the report, a systematic review identified five different similar industrial chemicals as developmental neurotoxicants: lead, methylmercury, polychlorinated biphenyls, arsenic, and toluene.

The summary goes on to state that six additional developmental neurotoxicants have also now been identified: manganese, fluoride, chlorpyrifos, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, tetrachloroethylene, and the polybrominated diphenyl ethers. The authors added that even more of these neurotoxicants remain undiscovered.

ADHD, Dyslexia, and other cognitive impairments

In the Lancet report, the authors propose a global prevention strategy, saying that “untested chemicals should not be presumed to be safe to brain development, and chemicals in existing use and all new chemicals must therefore be tested for developmental neurotoxicity.”Also in the report, they note that neurodevelopmental disabilities, including attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, dyslexia, and other cognitive impairments, are now affecting millions of children worldwide in what they call a “pandemic of developmental neurotoxicity.”

They continue: “To coordinate these efforts and to accelerate translation of science into prevention, we propose the urgent formation of a new international clearinghouse.”

The report coincides with 2013 findings by a Harvard University meta-analysis funded by the National Institutes of Health that concluded that children in areas with highly fluoridated water have “significantly lower” IQ scores that those who live in areas with low amounts of fluoride in their water supplies.

Fluoride also linked to Cancers

Sodium fluoride in drinking water has also been linked to various cancers. It is functionally different than the naturally-occurring calcium fluoride, and commonly added to drinking water supplies and used by dentists and in dental products who posit that it is useful for dental health.

Currently, fluoride is added to water supplies across much of North America, but as this list of countries that ban or reject water fluoridation shows, the practice is actually not too common, or banned entirely throughout most of Europe and in several other developed nations across the world.


Water Filter for Radiation, Fluoride & more!

New Studies Highlight Dangers of PFC Contamination in Drinking Water Mon, 05 Sep 2016 15:31:10 +0000 Multipure touts the effectiveness of Carbon Block Filters in treating PFC contamination

mp headquartersRecent studies published in Environmental Science and Technology Letters (ESTL) and Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP) examine the presence and effects of drinking water contamination by poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). These chemicals, part of a broader category of substances known as perfluorochemicals (PFC), have been linked to negative effects including high cholesterol, hormone suppression, cancer, and decreased child immune system health.

In the ESTL study published on August 9, 2016, Xindi Hu, of the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, states that the myriad uses of PFCs are major contributors to their widespread danger. Used in both food packaging as well as a large assortment of products designed to be resistant to heat, oil, grease, and water, these chemicals have been found in higher-than-recommended concentrations in 33 of the 50 states in the country. And because it can take years for the human body to dispose of PFCs once ingested, people are prone to PFC accumulation and increased chances of negative health effects. Furthermore, the EHP study finds that young children exposed to these contaminants are more likely to suffer from decreased levels of immunity against diphtheria, tetanus, measles, and influenza, even with prior vaccination.

Despite the findings of these new investigations, a 2008 study by the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) found that the use of carbon block filters were effective in treating the presence of PFCs (which include the aforementioned perfluoroalkyl substances as well as perfluorooctanoic acids, perfluorooctane sulfanate, perfluorobutanoic acids, and other perfluoro- chemicals) in drinking water. And because carbon block filters treat the presence of PFCs through the action of physiochemical adsorption, increasing the surface area and density of the filter medium dramatically increases its effectiveness while also compensating for some of the drawbacks of granular activated carbon (GAC) and RO filtration methods.

All of this factors into Multipure’s confidence in its ability to treat PFCs through its array of carbon block point-of-use (POU) drinking water systems. Multipure’s Vice President of Technical Services, Dr. Andrew Fenwick, Ph.D., states, “PFCs are dissolved in water and thus are not mechanically filtered from the medium. But these contaminants physiochemically adsorb to the surface of activated carbon. And while GAC serves this purpose on a basic level, the much higher surface area of a carbon block filter – derived from a powdered form of activated carbon – provides the same adsorptive mechanism but on a tremendously larger scale. Simply put, Multipure’s carbon block filters offer a vastly greater carbon surface area to filter PFCs, without the propensity for channeling that affects GAC. This makes them an ideal POU filtration method to treat PFCs.”

Founded in 1970, Multipure is an industry leader in the manufacture and distribution of drinking water systems and compressed solid carbon block filters. Headquartered in Las Vegas, Nevada, Multipure employs over 200 people, and is committed to being a company that provides the people of the world with the best quality drinking water at an affordable price. Multipure is a member of the Water Quality Association, the Las Vegas Chamber of Commerce, and the Better Business Bureau.


Nestlé gets access to Fryeburg, Maine’s groundwater for up to 45 years in controversial case Fri, 02 Sep 2016 12:07:28 +0000 fryburg

Nestlé has secured the rights to purchase the groundwater in Fryeburg, Maine for up to 45 years, after several years of litigation that revealed local politicians and authorities’ links to the company. Activists say this damages the town’s water sustainability.

Maine’s Supreme Judicial Court quashed activists’ efforts to appeal the deal by ruling in favor of Nestlé on Thursday.

The advocacy organization Food & Water Watch, along with local resident Bruce Taylor, appealed the 2014 decision, claiming the long contract is outside the authority of the water district and highlighting the fact that three commissioners had to recuse themselves due to ties with Nestlé.

This is the first US contract to grant water access for such a long period of time and activists are concerned it will set a dangerous precedent for future corporate contracts on natural resources, US Uncut reported.

“Today’s decision by the Maine Supreme Judicial Court paves the way for a private corporation to profit from a vital public resource for decades to come,” Food & Water Watch’s Nisha Swinton said in a statement.

The judge found no “abuse of discretion or violation of a statutory or constitutional provision” in the contract between Nestlé and the Fryeburg Water Company or the approval granted by the Maine Public Utilities Commission, the Portland Press Herald reported.

Nestlé subsidiary Poland Spring has been granted the right to take as much as 603,000 gallons (2.3 million liters) of water a day.

All-In-One Water Filtration System

Before this, Poland Spring was free to withdraw an unlimited amount of water with no contract. The new contract makes Nestlé pay the town $12,000 a month.

The contract is beneficial to all parties as it guarantees priority to the local community’s water use needs over Poland Spring’s contracted needs, requires Poland Spring to pay the same rate for water as all other Fryeburg Water Company customers, and includes a fixed minimum payment obligation,” a Nestlé representative told RT.

“The proposed contract was created to provide long-term certainty to both [Fryeburg Water] and Poland Spring, and to benefit ratepayers,” Mark Dubois from Poland Spring said, describing the deal as a “reliable source of income” for Fryeburg.

Swinton, however, insisted: “The arrangement to sell off hundreds of thousands of gallons of water a day to Poland Spring, a subsidiary of Nestlé waters North America, is a profound loss for Maine’s citizens. Water is a basic right. No private company should be allowed to rake in profits from water while leaving a local community high and dry.”

Speaking to US Uncut, Nickie Sekera of Community Water Justice explained how the town water supplier is run by a private company: “They can engage in contracts with corporations such as Nestlé much easier. It benefits their shareholders and Nestlé because it’s not publicly run and managed, which helps them get what they want.”

The Portland Press Herald uncovered Nestlé’s connections with the Maine Public Utilities Commission in 2013. It found all three of the commissioners were tied to Nestlé.

Chairman Thomas Welch represented Nestlé Waters “for several years, including during the 2008 reorganization of Fryeburg Water” during his time at Pierce Atwood law firm.

Commissioner David Littell was a partner at Pierce Atwood, which lobbies for Nestlé, until 2003. Commissioner Mark Vannoy worked on 20 Nestlé Water Projects “including 15 at Poland Spring facilities in Maine” as an executive and project manager for Wright Pierce.  All three were forced to recuse themselves following pressure from activists. Timothy Schneider, representing the ratepayers, also worked as an attorney at Pierce Atwood, the firm that helped with the case.

Controversial Governor Paul LePage (R-Maine) appointed three retired judges to replace the commissioners through a new state law, after refusing to accept Littell’s recusal, saying he didn’t believe it was a legitimate reason.

The appeal pointed to the recused commissioners’ involvement in “evidentiary rulings” and questioned the experience of the new commissioners in making decisions without participating in the proceedings.

LePage recently faced impeachment efforts which accused him of “using state money to intimidate his political opponents,”The Atlantic reported.

The Republican leader was the second sitting governor to endorse Donald Trump, after Chris Christie of New Jersey.

LePage has made a number of racially-charged comments, claiming Obama “hates white people” and describing drug dealers as “guys with the name D-Money, Smoothie, Shifty. These type of guys. They come from Connecticut and New York, they come up here, they sell their heroin, then they go back home. Incidentally, half the time they impregnate a young, white girl before they leave, which is a real sad thing because then we have another issue we’ve got to deal with down the road.”

He also called to bring back the guillotine for drug traffickers in January.


“Nestlé has a long history of bullying communities into selling off public assets for private profit. Unfortunately, they’ve won this round,” Swinton said.

The world’s largest food company is known for plundering natural resources for its own gain. In California, it is accused of bottling large volumes of groundwater during droughts.

Nestlé also plans to grab more water rights in Oregon and Pennsylvania, according to US Uncut.

The Swiss giant was heavily criticized for its use of child labor in Cote D’Ivoire and forced labor in Thailand, as well as its infamous baby milk scandal which irresponsibly discouraged women in the developing world to abandon breastfeeding for expensive baby formula, leading to malnutrition and death.

A global boycott of Nestlé continues to this day.


Flagler County to begin fluoridating water Fri, 19 Aug 2016 21:36:43 +0000 The change will not effect Palm Coast, Flagler Beach and Bunnell, which have their own water sources.
by: Jonathan Simmons News Editor

flagler fluorideFlagler County will no longer be one of the few counties in the state of Florida that does not have fluoridated water.

The Flagler County Commission voted unanimously at its regular Aug. 15 meeting to move ahead with a fluoridation program recommended by the county and state health departments.

There was little discussion of the matter among commissioners, and no members of the public spoke in favor of or against it.

“It’s about time for Flagler County to do something to prevent tooth decay — for children and adults,”  Flagler County Health Department Administrator Robert Snyder after the meeting. “This is a very important public health initiative, and we are very pleased that the County Commission has taken this initiative.”

A total of 52 out of Florida’s 67 counties area already either fluoridate or already have the optimal amounts of fluoride naturally occurring in their water sources, Snyder said.

Nearby Jacksonville is one of about 30 Florida cities that has the optimal amount of fluoride — about 0.7 milligrams per liter of water — occurring naturally in its water supply, and doesn’t need to fluoridate.

Gainesville was the first Florida city to start fluoridating its water, back in 1949, and now, Snyder said, 77% of people served by a public water service in the state of Florida have fluoride in their water.

Fluoridation is supported by the state health department with grant money, and Flagler County would be eligible for $150,000 in state money to start its fluoridation program.

The change will affect people who live in areas that receive water from Flagler County water plants — the unincorporated areas, including communities like Plantation Bay and the Eagle Lakes subdivision.

But Palm Coast, Bunnell, and Flagler Beach — which have their own water sources — would not be affected by the County Commission’s vote to fluoridate the county’s water supply.

Those cities’ elected boards would have to vote separately to fluoridate the cities’ water sources. Right now, none are fluoridated, but Snyder has already started talking individually with Palm Coast officials about the possibility of adding a fluoridation program there, he said.

Fluoridation has its opponents, and has since it was first implemented in the town of Grand Rapids, Michigan about 71 years ago.

Back in the 1950s, Snyder said, opponents called it a communist plot. These days, they blame it for all kinds of other complaints: lowered IQ, various kinds of physical ailments.

There’s no science to back those claims, he said.

“There is no link between fluoride and these things that the anti-fluoride community espouses,” he said. About 3,200 reputable scientific studies, Snyder said, “have proven the science and the safety and effectiveness behind community water fluoridation.”

Scott Tomar, a dentist with the University of Florida who attended the meeting, said the anti-fluoride claims have “no basis.”

“All of these claims have been reviewed at length, and debunked,” he said. “We should be making public policy based on the best available science. It’s really not a controversy.”

Johnny Johnson, president of the American Fluoridation Society, said that “not a single reputable medical or dental association” opposes fluoridation.

Among fluoride’s proponents, said Snyder, are the Centers for Disease Control — which has listed fluoride as among the top ten health advances of the 20th century — and about 100 other dental and medical associations, including the American Medical Association, American Dental Association, the Mayo Clinic, the American Academy of Pediatricians and the World Health Organization.

Fluoride’s opponents often say that the people who want fluoride can get it in their toothpaste or mouthwash, and that there’s no need to put in it a water supply where it affects everyone. But the benefit people get from fluoridated toothpaste isn’t comparable to what they get form fluoridated water, Fluoridation Coordinator State of Florida Department of Health Sean Isaac told commissioners during an Aug. 1 County Commission workshop.

“What you use in toothpaste raises the fluoride level in your mouth for an hour or two, then it drops back down again,” he said at the workshop. But fluoride in a water source helps keep the fluoride level in a person’s mouth at the optimal level throughout the day.

Fluoridation, Tomar said in the Aug. 1 workshop, leads to about a 25% drop in tooth decay, even with widespread access to fluoridated toothpaste.

It also saves money in the long run, said Snyder: By some studies, fluoridation saves $38 in future dental expenses for every $1 invested in the fluoridation process.

Among the Florida municipalities recently grappling with the topic of fluoridation are Collier County, which recently voted to keep it, and Wellington and Lake City, which voted to restart fluoridation programs.

“We’re supporting Flagler County getting it, and then keeping it,” Isaac said after the meeting Aug. 15.


Flagler County Health Department Administrator Robert Snyder has spoken individually with city of Palm Coast officials about fluoridating  the city’s water, but has decided to put those conversations off until after the upcoming general election.

Still, some council members spoke out about fluoridation after the Flagler County Commission voted Aug. 15 to approve fluoridation for areas served by the Flagler County water supply.

“These days we can get fluoride on many different ways. So we have options,” Palm Coast City Councilwoman Heidi Shipley wrote in an email to the Palm Coast Observer, after noting that she’d grown up with fluoride in her water. “I don’t feel it’s my place as a City Council member to tell people what they have to ingest. Water is a necessity and therefore I would be imposing my opinion on everyone. I do not feel that government should decide what your children drink. People know the benefits of fluoride and I’m sure dentists tell parents their views. The choice ends there.”

At a City Council meeting Aug. 16, Palm Coast Mayor Jon Netts spoke of fluoridation’s benefits.

“I can certainly give you my opinion, my understanding, as a trained biologist,” he said. “The vast majority of Florida already has fluoridation, has fluoride in the water. Jacksonville, for example: Its water supply has natural occurring fluoride in the appropriate, optimal amounts. There is statistical data that shows tooth decay, or caries, far less in Jacksonville than in areas where you do not have the optimal amount of fluoride. Over the years, going back to the ’40s and ’50s, there has been outcry about, ‘Oh, fluoride is poisonous.’ Well, so is chlorine. They’re all in the same family of chemicals. But there’s no question that where fluoride is in the water there is a reduction in tooth decay — and, I just found out recently, not just in children, but … there is significant evidence that fluoridation helps prevent dental decay in the elderly.”


How to Reduce Exposure to Fluoride Fri, 19 Aug 2016 18:52:11 +0000  


How to Reduce Exposure to Fluoride

When fluoride was first added to water in the 1940s, in an experiment to prevent tooth decay, not a single dental product contained fluoride: no fluoride toothpastes, no fluoride mouth rinses, no fluoride varnishes, and no fluoride gels. In the past 60 years,as more communities began fluoridation and one fluoride product after another entered the market, exposure to fluoride increased considerably, particularly among children.

Exposure from other sources has increased as well, such as infant formula, processed foods, soups, and beer made with fluoridated water, food grown with fluoride-containing pesticides and fumigants (buy organic!), bottled teas, raisins, fruit juices, wine, mechanically deboned chicken, and pharmaceuticals that leave a fluoride metabolite, to name a few. Taken together, the glut of fluoride sources in the modern diet has created a toxic cocktail, one that has caused a dramatic increase in dental fluorosis (a tooth defect caused by excess fluoride intake) over the past 60 years. The problem with fluoride, therefore, is not that we are receiving too little, but that we are receiving too much. 

Here are several FAN guides to help you reduce your exposure to fluoride. Please share them with friends and family: 

Fluoride Content in:

Other Sources of Exposure:

Of course, the very best way to avoid fluoride is to work with your friends and neighbors to get it out of your water – or keep it out of the water.  That requires organizing and education.  We need education not fluoridation!

The Fluoride Action Network is committed to educating citizens around the world about the risks associated with fluoride in an effort to ultimately reduce exposure to this neurotoxicant. With your help we can continue to develop more free educational materials and guidebooks in this pursuit. If you find these resources helpful and would like to see more developed, please consider making a tax-deductible contribution–why not give it to FAN instead of Uncle Sam!

Stuart Cooper

Campaign Manager

Source: Fluoride Action Network


Anti-Radiation, Fluoride Reduction Water Filters | Raise PH!

Can Drinking More Water Help You Lose Weight? Fri, 29 Jul 2016 14:21:09 +0000 By Dr. Mercola

If you don’t drink enough water, you can easily become dehydrated. Many actually mistake their thirst for hunger, and this is one of the basic premises behind the idea that drinking water may alleviate hunger and help you lose weight.

Many studies support this idea though, so it’s not just pure hype. Most recently, researchers found that adults who were chronically under-hydrated had higher body mass index (BMI) and were more likely to be obese compared to well-hydrated adults.1,2,3,4,5

A BMI of 25 is considered overweight; 30 obese. Those deemed sufficiently hydrated had an average BMI of 28 whereas inadequately hydrated individuals had an average BMI of 29.

While this study does not prove drinking more water will help you lose weight, it does suggest staying well-hydrated is associated with slightly lower body weight.

On the other hand, a 2013 systematic review of 11 studies and two other meta-analyses concluded that while high-quality studies were still lacking, increasing your water consumption when on a diet does appear to be helpful for weight loss.6

Studies looking at general populations that were not necessarily trying to lose weight found that increasing water consumption yielded inconsistent results.

How Drinking Water May Aid Weight Loss

So is it all about filling your gut with water to alleviate hunger pangs? As explained by Authority Nutrition,7 there are actually a number of mechanisms at play. Studies have shown that drinking water may:

Reduce your calorie intake. If you drink more water, you’re less likely to drink other beverages such as soda, fruit juices and energy drinks, and this is, I believe, the most significant factor that explains why higher water consumption promotes weight loss.

Research suggests replacing other beverages with pure water typically lowers your overall caloric intake by about 9 percent, or 200 calories a day.8

Reduce your appetite. Interestingly, this effect has only been shown to hold true in older subjects. Drinking water before meals had no discernible effect when studied in children.9

In a 2010 study,10 adults who drank 500 milliliters (ml) of water prior to each meal lost an additional 2 kilograms (kg) or 4.4 pounds over three months compared to the non-water group.11

Another study12,13 published in 2015 had very similar outcomes. Adults who drank 500 ml of water 30 minutes before each meal lost 3 pounds more weight over 12 weeks than those who did not preload with water.

Overall, they lost 4.3 kg, or 9 pounds, over the course of the study, which is what you could expect from joining Weight Watchers for 12 weeks.

Increase your resting energy expenditure, meaning you burn more calories. While I doubt drinking water will help you burn any significant amount of calories, some studies do suggest it may give your metabolism a slight boost.

For example, adults who drank 500 ml or about 16 ounces of water increased their metabolic rate by 24 and 30 percent respectively in two separate studies.14,15 The metabolic rate began to rise within the first 10 minutes, and peaked around 30 to 40 minutes afterward.

In a third study, overweight women who drank in excess of 1 liter (L) or 34 ounces of water per day lost an extra 2 kg (4.4 pounds) of weight over the course of a year.16

Overweight and obese children who drank 7.5 ml of cold water per kg of body weight (averaging 518 ml) also had a 25 percent rise in resting energy expenditure.17

How to Gauge Your Personal Water Requirement

As noted earlier, many of the studies looking at water consumption for weight loss involve drinking 500 ml (16 ounces) of water before each meal. That’s basically two tall glasses of water. As for the conventional recommendation to drink eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day, there’s no real science to back that up.

Water requirements are in fact extremely individual and can vary from day to day, depending on your age, body size, activity level, temperature and so on. Personally, I drink about three-fourths to 1 gallon of water per day, and I’m quite active under the Florida sun.

Three strategies that will help you gauge your water requirement on any given day are:

Feelings of thirst. Once your body has lost between 1 and 2 percent of its total water content, it will signal its needs by making you feel thirsty.

Bear in mind the thirst reflex tends to be underdeveloped in children and can be compromised in older adults, and by the time you actually register thirst, you may already be somewhat dehydrated. If your mouth is dry, that’s a sign to rehydrate.

If you’re an athlete, a 2 percent dehydration level is enough to cause a 10 percent decrease in athletic performance,18 and recent research shows driving while dehydrated reduces your concentration and reaction time to the same degree as being legally drunk and/or sleep deprived.19

For these tests, hydrated drivers drank 200 ml (6.76 ounces) every hour; dehydrated drivers got only 25 ml (less than 1 ounce) of water an hour. This kind of data may also hint at the amount of water you need in order to optimize your brain function and physical performance.

The color of your urine. You should be drinking enough water to turn yoururine a light-colored yellow. Dark-colored urine is a sign that your kidneys are retaining fluids in order to maintain your bodily functions, which includes detoxification. As a result, your urine will seem highly concentrated and dark.

One caveat: riboflavin (vitamin B2; also found in most multi-vitamins) will turn your urine a bright, almost fluorescent yellow, which will make judging your water requirement based on the color of your urine more difficult.

Frequency of urination. A healthy person urinates on average about seven or eight times a day. If your urine is scant or if you haven’t urinated in several hours, you may need more water.

Other Signs and Symptoms Suggesting You May Need More Water

Other, more subtle signals indicating your body may be lacking in water include:20,21

Fatigue, dizziness and/or mood swings

Muscle cramps

Headache, back or joint ache; chills

Dull, dry skin and/or pronounced wrinkles


Kidney stones are another “symptom” suggesting you may be chronically dehydrated, as the No.1 risk factor for kidney stones is insufficient water intake. If you aren’t drinking enough, your urine will have higher concentrations of waste products, including substances that can form stones. Stone-forming chemicals such as calcium, oxalate, urate, cysteine, xanthine and phosphate will have less chance to settle and bond in your kidneys and urinary tract if you’re urinating frequently.

According to the results of a large meta-analysis,22 presented at a National Kidney Foundation meeting in Dallas, Texas, in 2015, people who produced 2 to 2.5 L (approximately 68 to 84.5 ounces) of urine per day were 50 percent less likely to develop kidneys stones compared to those who produced scantier amounts. To generate that amount of urine, people typically had to drink eight to 10 8-ounce glasses of water daily.

Guidelines issued by the American College of Physicians (ACP) in 2014 call for those who have had kidney stones in the past to drink enough water to produce 2 L (68 ounces) of urine each day, which they say can reduce your chances of a recurrence by about 50 percent.23 The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) also recommends drinking more than 12 glasses of water a day to avoid stones.

Too Much Water Has Its Own Risks

While most people don’t drink enough water for optimal health, too much water also has its risks. You don’t want to overdo it. As detailed in a previous paper in the British Medical Journal (BMJ),24 excessive amounts of water can cause your sodium level to drop to a dangerously low level, causing hyponatremia; a condition in which your cells get waterlogged and swell.

While most cells can handle this swelling, your brain cells cannot, and most of the symptoms are caused by brain swelling. Symptoms of hyponatremia include:

Confusion Decreased consciousness; possible coma Hallucinations Convulsions
Fatigue Headache Irritability Loss of appetite
Muscle spasms, cramps or weakness Nausea Restlessness Vomiting

This condition is most common among athletes who rehydrate excessively. Clearly, staying well-hydrated is essential. But it may be unwise to force yourself to drink a certain amount of water just because someone said so. Remember, hydration needs are highly individual, and using your thirst, the color of your urine and frequency of urination are the best ways to gauge your personal needs on any given day.

Replacing Sugary Beverages With Water Is Key for Successful Weight Management

One of the first pieces of advice I offer to anyone trying to lose weight is to stop drinking soda, fruit juice, sports drinks and any other sugar-laden, high-calorie beverage. This is especially true of drinks containing high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS), which has been shown to have the most adverse metabolic consequences, fueling weight gain, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and more.

While many are getting savvy about the dangers of soda, fruit juice is still considered “healthy” by most. This is a serious mistake. As illustrated in this Health Science infographic, fruit juice is just as hazardous as soda, and in some cases even more so. Replacing all sugary beverages with pure water can make a significant difference if you’re trying to lose weight or improve your health.

It’s important to recognize that your body loses water throughout each day, even when you’re not sweating, and that you need to constantly replenish this fluid loss. While soda, fruit juices, sports drinks, energy drinks and other beverages typically contain a fair amount of water, they are poor substitutes for pure water and generally do not count toward this requirement.

Many commercial beverages also contain diuretics like caffeine, which will only dehydrate you more. So if you’re thirsty, don’t reach for a caffeinated beverage.

Remember, research shows drinking just one can of soda per day can add as much as 15 pounds to your weight over the course of a year.25 One sweetened beverage per day also increases your risk of developing diabetes in the next decade by 18 percent, according to a 2015 meta-review.26,27

Previous research has shown this risk may be far higher than that. Frequent soda drinkers also have a higher cancer risk, courtesy of both its sugar content — which has been identified as the top contributor to the surge in cancer — and potentially carcinogenic ingredients like 4-methylimidazole found in caramel color.28

Hydrate Well, but Be Mindful of Your Water Quality

So to stay well-hydrated, drink pure water. This is true when exercising as well, as most sports drinks are loaded with sugars and other questionable ingredients. Unless you have access to pristine well water (which is quite rare these days) or a natural gravity-fed spring, 29 I strongly recommend filtering your water.

It can also be a good idea to “restructure” your water. I’ve previously interviewed biomedical engineer Gerald Pollack, Ph.D., on the subject of living, structured water. His book, “The Fourth Phase of Water: Beyond Solid, Liquid, and Vapor,” clearly explains the benefits of living water, or what he calls EZ water — EZ standing for “exclusion zone” — which has a negative charge.

This water can hold energy, much like a battery, and can deliver energy too. This is the kind of water your cells contain; even your extracellular tissues are filled with EZ water, which is why he believes it’s so important to drink structured water for optimal health. I drink vortexed water (which increases EZ) nearly exclusively.

Excessive lead levels found in almost 2,000 water systems across all 50 states Thu, 21 Jul 2016 14:59:59 +0000


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How To Tell If Your Water Is Safe Sat, 04 Jun 2016 18:23:29 +0000 How can I tell whether the water in my house is safe to drink?

dirtytapwaterIt’s not easy. You can rely on your senses to alert you to a few of the more unappetizing things that spill into your drinking glass — like sulfur, with its distinctive rotten-egg smell, or too much chlorine.

The Water Quality Association offers an interactive Diagnose Your Drinking Water tool on its Web site, which can help you figure out why your tap water smells like rotten eggs, tastes like salt, or spots your glasses. Advice is also available on how to treat a problem once you’ve identified it. But some of the most serious — and most common — contaminants, such as bacteria, viruses, lead, and other chemicals, can’t be tasted or smelled.

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The water from most municipal systems in the United States is safe, because any system that serves 25 people or more is required to comply with the federal Safe Drinking Water Act. Your water comes from a municipal system unless you have a private well on your property or live in a rural area where a number of families share a well. The water system must test regularly for potentially harmful contaminants and alert the public if any are above acceptable limits.

Unless you’ve heard otherwise, you can be reasonably confident that your water meets federal standards. Still, there’s only one way to know for sure what’s in your water, and that’s to have it tested.

How can I test my tap water?

If you’re on a public or municipal water line in the United States, call your local water supplier (the number’s on your water bill). By law, the supplier must test its processed water regularly and provide you with a copy of the results, called a Consumer Confidence Report, annually as well as on demand.

Many water agencies across the country now make their annual water quality reports available online. You can access these reports on the Environmental Protection Agency’s Web site.

If you contact your local agency by phone, ask for a test of the water from your own faucets to find out whether any contaminants are getting into the water between the treatment plant and your drinking glass. Some suppliers will do this test free of charge.

If your water supplier won’t test your water, you’ll need to have the test done by a state-certified lab. To find one in your area, call the Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water hotline at (800) 426-4791, go to the EPA’s Web site for a list of state certification offices, or look in the Yellow Pages under “Laboratories — Testing.”

Alternatively, you can use a nationwide testing service: Underwriters Laboratories will test your water for a variety of contaminants, from fecal bacteria to industrial pollutants, and get the results to you in about a week. The price depends on how many contaminants you want to test for: It can range from $30 for a simple mercury screen, to $500 for a 94-contaminant screen.

You can also test your water yourself, using a home test kit. These kits can’t test for everything, but they detect lead, arsenic, pesticides, and bacteria. Two reputable ones are PurTest and Discover testing. The kits sell for $10 to $30.

In any case, be sure to test what’s called first-draw water — the stuff that comes out of your faucet when you first turn on the tap in the morning. If contaminants are leaching from the plumbing pipes into your water, the level of contamination will be highest after the water has sat in the pipes overnight.

Although the EPA says that more than 90 percent of water systems in this country meet its water quality standards, several contaminants can make their way into the water supply. These include arsenic, viruses and other disease-causing organisms, chlorine by-products, industrial and agricultural pollutants, and lead.

In concentrations of more than 15 parts per billion (ppb), lead can be very dangerous to infants and children, leading to delays in physical and mental development, neurological disorders, kidney disease, and learning disabilities. (Contaminants are measured by how many particles of the substance are present in a billion particles of water — 15 ppb means 15 particles of lead in a billion particles of water.)

Have your water tested for lead if you have lead pipes or brass faucets (which may contain lead), and for copper if you have copper pipes. Lead solder could legally be used to join plumbing pipes until 1986, but lead is a concern even if you live in a brand-new home. Faucets and pipes are still allowed to contain as much as 8 percent lead and have been shown to leach the metal in significant amounts, particularly when they’re new.

Should I test my well water?

Federal drinking water standards don’t apply to private wells, so it’s up to you to have your water tested (and to pay for the test). To find a certified testing lab, call the EPA’s Safe Drinking Water hot line at (800) 426-4791, look in the Yellow Pages under “Laboratories — Testing,” or use a national testing agency such as Underwriters Laboratories.

Your local health department or public water system can advise you about possible well-water contamination in your area. However, even if no advisory’s in place, you should still test your water regularly.

At least once a year, have your well water tested for nitrates, coliform bacteria (bacteria found in the intestines), total dissolved solids, and pH (acidity or alkalinity), especially if your well is new or you’ve recently replaced or repaired pipes. Test every three years for chloride, iron, sulfate, manganese, hardness, and corrosion. Depending on the area in which you live, you may also need to consider annual checks of lead, copper, arsenic, radon, pesticides, or other substances.

If you’re pregnant, test your water for nitrate before your baby is born, just after your baby is born, and sometime during the first six months of your baby’s life. Babies are especially vulnerable to nitrate poisoning.

Exposure to high levels of nitrate can cause methemoglobinemia, a blood disorder known as “blue baby” syndrome, which affects the hemoglobin in a young baby’s blood, causing the oxygen supply to drop dangerously low. If your baby’s skin starts to turn blue, seek medical attention immediately. Nitrate poisoning can be treated, but prompt medical attention is crucial.

A water test can run anywhere from $30 to screen for one or two particular contaminants, to $500 to screen for the full range of detectable contaminants.

Am I better off just drinking bottled water?

Not necessarily. Bottled water is not only more expensive than tap water, but in some cases it’s no healthier — and may even be less healthy — than your local tap water. (Of course, that depends on the quality of your local water supply.) In fact, about one-quarter of bottled water is simply tap water that has been processed and repackaged, according to a 2000 report by Consumer Reports.

The quality of bottled water can vary, depending upon the manufacturer, where it originated (whether it’s spring water or well water, for example), and how it was treated. The Food and Drug Administration regulates bottled water together with state agencies and trade organizations such as the International Bottled Water Association, which lists bottled water companies that adhere to the organization’s Model Code.

Some bottled water is certified by NSF International, a nonprofit independent, third-party monitor. NSF’s consumer Web site contains a great deal of useful information about the different types of bottled water available and where the water comes from. Look for the NSF mark on the bottled water you buy, to ensure that it’s been carefully tested.

Bottled water is regulated differently than tap water, with stricter standards for some contaminants and looser standards for others. For example, bottled water is not required to be tested for asbestos or for parasites such asCryptosporidium or Giardia, because the FDA doesn’t consider the sources to be at risk for these contaminants. But the standards for lead and fluoride are stricter for bottled water than for tap water.

A less expensive alternative to using bottled water is to install a filter on your kitchen sink or refrigerator. Certain filters can remove lead and other contaminants from your water, but not every type of filter removes all contaminants.

Before you purchase a water treatment unit, have your water tested so that you know exactly which contaminants you’re trying to remove. NSF International maintains a database of certified drinking water treatment units, which you can search by the contaminants they remove.

If you purchase a water filter, follow the manufacturer’s directions and change the filter regularly to prevent contaminants from building up.


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Edible Rings On Six-Packs Feed Marine Life If They End Up In The Ocean Fri, 20 May 2016 16:51:11 +0000

A craft beer company has brewed up a brilliant idea.

Saltwater Brewery in Delray Beach, Florida, has created edible six-pack rings that feed, rather than kill, marine life if the rings end up in the ocean and an animal happens to eat it. The rings are created from beer by-products during the brewing process such as barley and wheat and are completely safe for humans and fish to eat.

The rings are also 100 percent biodegradable and compostable, which just ups the product’s sustainability game.

The brand says that the innovative design is as resistant and efficient as plastic packaging. The only drawback is that edible six-pack rings are more expensive to produce. But the company hopes that customers will be willing to pay a little more in order to help the environment and animal life.


“It’s a big investment for a small brewery created by fisherman, surfers and people that love the sea,” Peter Agardy, head of brand at Saltwater Brewery, said in the below video.

The brand also believes that if more breweries hop on this bandwagon, prices may go down. If more companies invested in the technology, production cost would go down and edible rings would become competitive with plastic ones, saving marine lives ­— which is desperately needed.

An Indonesian child collects garbages on the coast near a fishing village in Jakarta, Indonesia.

According to a report published in the journal PNAS, researchers have found that about 90 percent of seabirds have eaten plastic and are likely to retain some in their gut. They also are “virtually certain” that by 2050, any seabird found dead will have plastic in their stomach.

What the below video says happens to turtles when stuck in plastic six-pack rings. 

The Ocean Conservancy’s 2015 Ocean Trash Index — which enlisted 561,895 volunteers to pick up 16,186,759 pounds of garbage — also offers a few staggering facts. It cites plastic as among the most common trash item ingested by sea turtles in 2015. Volunteers found 57 marine mammals, 440 fish and 22 sharks, skates and sting rays entangled in plastic. The index also explains that littering isn’t the sole culprit for plastic in the ocean. Plastic can also be blown by the wind from a trashcan or dump, end up in a storm drain and then travel through pipes into the ocean.

Facts like these makes a concept like edible six-pack rings seem vital.

“We hope to influence the big guys,” Chris Goves, Saltwater Brewery’s president, said. “And hopefully inspire them to get on board,”